Our environment consists of both living and non-living beings. Living beings include animals, plants, and other microorganisms, while non-living things include food, water, dirt, sunlight, etc. Whenever a relatively long-acting toxin enters our environment, it contributes to environmental pollution. Air, water, light, soil, noise, and nuclear pollution are some of the main types of pollution are environmental pollution.
First, let’s talk about air pollution in the environment. It is caused by the emission of cars, chimneys, and chemicals from factories. These industries dispose the waste such as plastics, solvents, and other chemical waste into water, river, and ponds and contaminate the water.
The leading cause of soil pollution is the use of pesticides and deforestation. Excessive car horns and speakers cause noise pollution.
While light and nuclear pollution are difficult to prevent, they are equally harmful. Excessive flashing light consumes a significant amount of energy and poses a threat to the environment in various ways. These components are interlinked. When the natural process continues, the toxicity of a product is transferred to other components. There are various aspects of the circulation of chemical residues.
When it rains, air impurities in the water bodies and soil gradually disappear. When grown on the farm, these harmful toxins are absorbed by their roots through contaminated soil and water. Both animals and people eat the same type of food. Therefore, when non-vegetarians eat vegetarian food, they rise to the top of the food chain.
The impact of pollution on the environment can manifest as serious health problems. Many people suffer from respiratory problems, weak immune systems, kidney and lung cancer, and chronic diseases. The marine water-bodies, including flora and fauna, are being increasingly exploited. The quality and yield of soil are deteriorating.
In Antarctica, melting ice has caused sea levels to rise as the world suffers from overheating and global warming due to pollution, which has become a severe problem. Threats from increased carbon pollution can contribute to natural destruction, including earthquakes, cyclones, etc. The worst destruction that happened in Hiroshima-Nagasaki and Chernobyl caused irreparable damage to humanity.
After this disaster, now every country around the world is taking all possible measures. They are educating their people about the danger of pollution to protect the environment. Now, most people prefer to adopt a greener lifestyle and use Eco-friendly products such as energy-efficient headlights, new vehicles for environmentally-friendly climate, use of wind and solar power to protect the environment.
Governments also took some initiatives to reduce pollution and started giving benefits to Eco-friendly startups such as concession from taxes. Also, they told us to plant more and more trees, reduce plastic items, improve natural waste recovery, and reduce pesticide use. This sustainable lifestyle has enabled humanity to save other animals from extinction and make the earth a greener and safer ecosystem.
What Are the Causes of Environmental Pollution?
Let’s first take a look at the causes of environmental pollution:
Industries are the leading cause of air, water, and soil pollution. They harm our environment, especially since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, primarily due to the increased use of fossil fuels. During the 19th century and for much of the 20th century, coal was used to speed machines, which replaced human resources.
They are the leading cause of more than 50% of pollution. It releases harmful gases through chimneys, causes air pollution, disposes of chemicals into rivers, waters, and ponds cause water pollution. The disposed chemical from water goes into the soil, causes soil pollution, and the machines that make too much noise cause noise pollution. So, if a single industry makes this pollution then think of lacs of industries.
Suppose we talk of power generating industries that make dams, nuclear reactors, and other types of plants. They also create pollution at a significant level, such as Chernobyl and Hiroshima-Nagasaki, the biggest disaster.
Also, the transfer of this energy can harm the environment. Let’s take an example of transportation of gasoline through the pipeline; If the pipe leaks, the soil will be automatically contaminated the whole land.
Simultaneously, if the tanker takes the petrol from the manufacturing plant to the place where its leaks or sinks will be consumed, the water will become polluted.
It all started when humans have abandoned animals for travel. It leads to an increase in environmental pollution. We all are using a personal vehicle for daily uses, which leads to the depletion of fossil fuels and increasing pollution. Their level is only increasing so far. As with other industries, transportation pollution is mainly associated with fossil fuels.
Humans have come a long way from horses to cars, cars (which used to run on coal before electricity), and airplanes. This also leads to an increase in traffic and air pollution every day.
Agriculture is the leading cause of water and soil pollution. This is due to the increased use of pesticides as well as the intensive nature of their production. Almost all pesticides are produced from chemicals and are designed to protect crops from diseases and dangerous animals.
However, since these life forms are far away, the environment is almost always damaged.
Additionally, as agriculture has become more intensive to feed the world’s growing population, more environment and ecosystems are being destroyed to make way for crops.
It includes the production and selling of goods and services. They use plastic packaging for their products that can cause pollution.
Residential areas also contribute to pollution. First of all, by building houses, they destroy the environment in one way or another.
Wildlife and plants were hunted and replaced by roads, buildings, houses, etc. Since construction requires the work of industrial plants, it is also a source of environmental pollution.
After that, when people settle down, they will generate waste every day, including waste that cannot yet be processed without causing harm to the environment.
What Are the Consequences of Environmental Pollution?
After knowing the causes of environmental pollution, let’s now move to negative consequences.
Effects on Humans
The pollution effects on humans are primarily physical but can also develop in long-term nervous conditions. The best-known problems to humans are breathing problems, cancer, allergies, eyes and nose irritation, asthma, or other respiratory infections. In particular, these diffuse conditions can be observed with high urban air pollution levels, such as hot weather.
Besides, environmental pollution is the main factor in the development of cancer. This can happen, for example, when we eat polluted particles that are mixed with the crops by the use of pesticides. Some other diseases caused by pollution include typhoid fever, hepatitis, diarrhea, and hormonal disturbances.
Effect on Animals
Due to pollution, animals are the ones that get disturbed because environmental pollution mainly affects animals, damaging their habitat, making it toxic to them. Acid rain can change the composition of rivers and seas, making the water harmful and toxic to marine livelihood.
Harmful chemicals such as nitrogen and phosphate in water cause the development of toxic algae, which interferes with ordinary life.
Eventually, soil contamination will damage and sometimes kill microorganisms, which can have dramatic effects, killing the first layers of the primary food chain.
Effect on Plants
Acid rain is the leading cause that affects plants and other living beings. This will have a negative effect on plants and animals and change the natural environment.
In the lower atmosphere, ozone blocks the respiration of plants, and all the harmful pollutants can be absorbed by water or soil.
Impact on the Ecosystem
In short, environmental pollution, which is almost exclusively caused by human activities, negatively impacts the Ecosystem and destroys its most essential layers.
More Than 15 Excellent Solutions to Combat Environmental Pollution
- Environmental planning should be seen as the cornerstone of development planning. Therefore, before starting any project, it is necessary to conduct a study to assess the environmental impact.
- Switching to public transport or Eco-friendly modes of transport such as hydrogen and electric vehicles or promoting shared mobility such as car-sharing and public transport can significantly decrease air pollution.
Now, every country takes this seriously and working hard to reduce hazardous gas emissions from vehicles, which continuously cause air pollution in various ways, such as controlling emissions from cars, electric and hybrid vehicles, and public transportation systems, and we can significantly reduce emissions in the future.
- Major solutions to air pollution include eliminating fossil fuels and sustainable renewable energy sources such as solar, geothermal, and wind energy. The world is slowly moving away from coal.
- Use of solar power is one of the best to reduce pollution. It is considered a great solution to generate energy. We can get power from the sun using solar panel systems and large-scale domestic power systems that provide power to entire communities and cities.
Wind energy also plays an important role. They both are mighty forces against radioactive energy and fossil fuel energy.
- Industry plays an essential role in the progress of society. But, if they start reducing the use of natural resources, it will benefit the environment in reducing pollution. This has led to environmental imbalance.
- It is mandatory to construct solid waste storage facilities in the city. Necessary measures should be taken to integrate a solid waste storage facility close to the city and nature.
- To reduce water pollution, it is necessary to implement a wastewater treatment project and build a recycling center.
- Eco-friendly products need to be made and sell cheaper than plastic products to encourage people to use them. Also, explain the long-term benefits of using them across the country.
- Protection of soil, air, and water quality should be the main objectives of the national environmental policy. There is a need to develop national land use and conservation policies to protect the land from misuse.
- To prevent visual pollution, adequate green areas and parks should be created, municipalities must collect waste in an organized manner and regulate and monitor the use of billboards and other advertising posters.
- To avoid noise pollution, it is necessary to plants more plants and trees near the industries, factories, markets, schools, parks, and bazaars.
- It is imperative to reduce the use of electromagnetic radiation (ER) gadgets. Nowadays, everything is getting wireless, from phones to headphones. This is because of electromagnetic radiation. This is good as we are upgrading our technology, but it has terrible effects on our body. It mainly affects our brain and eyes. We didn’t see that, but the effects it causes can be very harmful to human beings and the environment.
- Radiation is a serious problem today, and the environmental cost of radioactive plants is more pronounced than before. Nuclear tests and radioactive leaks from power plants have polluted sea life so much that it would take hundreds of years to get normal. But every day, more and more radiation solutions are evolving with the development of various green energy technologies.
- Although urban land use is permitted, the landscape architect must be employed by the municipality. Environmental factors must be taken into account when planning to ensure a clean and healthy environment.
- It is vital to increase the quantity and quality of green areas such as parks to make the environment fresh and healthy.
- Media is the primary source of information on environmental issues, including print and electronic media and the Internet. Therefore, they should use some other Eco-friendly methods to promote a more positive attitude towards the environment.
- As the environment has developed rapidly, environmental education plays an essential role in preparing people to face global environmental challenges. The government should include these challenges in national education syllables to get well educated about environmental issues. Incorporation of environmental education into existing classrooms and curriculums is necessary, helpful, and mandatory.
- Politicians, officials, senior officials, and all other entrepreneurs should also get environmental education because they are the one that controls the whole country. If they have some strict rule towards the benefits of the environment, everyone in the whole country has to follow their rule.
The World Environment Day
It is very important to save resources and protect the necessary for the coming up generation. It has been observed that many of today’s resources are being used to make the dreams of many people come true.